Keperluan SOP Khusus untuk Tahanan dan Penyiasatan Individu Autisme

Necessity of Standard Operation Procedure for Detention and Interrogation of Individual with Autism

Authors

  • Zuliza Mohd Kusrin Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA
  • Wafaa’ Yusof Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA
  • Zuraini Yaakub Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53840/alirsyad.v5i1.69

Keywords:

Autisme, Perilaku seksual, Kesalahan jenayah, Prosedur tangkapan standard

Abstract

Autism is one group of neurological disorder that affects one’s communication skills, social interaction and repetitive and stereotype behavior. Due to their behavior, they tend to have obsessive interest, no empathy and moral reasoning. Previous cases in Western countries show that some of them are also involved with serious criminal offences such as killing, arson, random shooting, cybercrime and sexual offences. In Malaysia, increasing amount of autism with the ratio of 1 to 68 of normal or mentally sound individual resulted in the necessity to address specific legal rights of autism who may involve in criminal. Meanwhile, the standard operation procedure (SOP) used during detention and interrogation procedure of mentally sound individual is also applied towards any suspect including individual with autism. The enforcement of the SOP eventually lead to arises of various problems, reaction and question from the aspect of the validity of the action and legal rights of autism. The objective of the study is to analyze the character of autism that tends to criminal’s behavior and the need to create specific SOP for detention and interrogation of individual with autism. The research framework is content analysis. The method of gathering data is semi-structure interview with police, senior counselor and psychiatrist in the field of autism as well as teachers of special education programmed. The implication of the discussion discovers the need to have specific SOP of detention and interrogation for individual with autism in order to guarantee criminal legal rights of individual with autism.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Zuliza Mohd Kusrin, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA

 

 

Wafaa’ Yusof, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA

 

 

Zuraini Yaakub, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA

 

 

References

Airunnisa. (2018). Autisme didakwa: Adil atau selayaknya? Retrieved September 20, 2018, from Utusan Online website: http://www.utusan.com.my/mega/rona/autisme-didakwa-%0Aadil-atau-selayaknya-1.751171

Allen, D., Evans, C., Hider, A., Hawkins, S., Peckett, H., & Morgan, H. (2008). Offending behaviour in adults with Asperger syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(4), 748–758. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0442-9

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fifth Edition (DSM-V). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association (APA).

Associated Press, & Collman, A. (2017). Twelve-year-old autistic boy is arrested for murder after shooting dead 21-year-old female gas station clerk during 2am armed robbery. Retrieved February 3, 2017, from Mail Online website: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4188240/Police-arrest-boy-12-fatal-shooting-Arkansas-clerk.html

Azura Abas, & Mohd Husni. (2018). Autisme Perlu Difahami. Retrieved September 18, 2019, from Berita Harian Online website: https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2018/09/475212/autisme-perlu-difahami-%0Atpm

Bejerot, S., & Eriksson, J. M. (2014). Sexuality and Gender role in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Control Study. PLoS ONE, 9(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0087961

Berryessa, C. M. (2016). Brief Report: Judicial Attitudes Regarding the Sentencing of Offenders with High Functioning Autism. Journal of Autism Development Disorder, 25(3), 289–313. https://doi.org/110.1016/j.bbi.2017.04.008

Brown-Lavoie, S. M., Viecili, M. A., & Weiss, J. A. (2014). Sexual Knowledge and Victimization in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(9), 2185–2196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2093-y

Cole, J. (2017). McGlawn Guilty of First-Degree Assault. Retrieved February 13, 2017, from The News Courier website: https://www.enewscourier.com/news/local_news/mcglawn-guilty-of-first-degree-assault/article_225bbd8a-f20f-11e6-bb6e-fff923afa336.html

Dewinter, J., Parys, H. Van, Vermeiren, R., & van Nieuwenhuizen, C. (2017). Adolescent boys with an autism spectrum disorder and their experience of sexuality: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. Autism, 21(1), 75–82. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361315627134

Fariza Md Sham, Salmihah Che Mud, Manisah Mohd Ali, Zuliza Mohd Kusrin, Rosmawati Mohamad Rasit, & Siti Norlina Muhammad. (2017). Panduan syariah untuk ibu bapa menangani perilaku seksual remaja autisme. Jurnal Hadhari Edisi Khas, 169–182.

Fitzpatrick, S. E., Srivorakiat, L., Wink, L. K., Pedapati, E. V., & Erickson, C. A. (2016). Aggression in autism spectrum disorder: Presentation and treatment options. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 12, 1525–1538. https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S84585

Freckelton, I. (2011). Autism Spectrum Disorders and the Criminal Law. In Mohammad-Reza Muhammadi (Ed.), A Comprehensive Book on Autism Spectrum Disorders. United Kingdom: Intechopen.

Freckelton, I. (2018). Forensic Issues in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Learning from Court Decisions. In Recent Advances in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Volume II (Vol. 2, pp. 157–173). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/55400

Gilmour, L., Schalomon, P. M., & Smith, V. (2012). Sexuality in a community based sample of adults with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6(1), 313–318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2011.06.003

Hasliza, N. (2018). Autistik Ditangkap: Hannah Minta Henti Kecam Mangsa, Suspek. Retrieved September 19, 2018, from Free Malaysia Today (FMT News) website: https://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/bahasa/2018/09/19/autistik-ditangkap-%0Ahannah-minta-henti-kecam-mangsa-suspek/

Heeramun, R., Magnusson, C., Gumpert, C. H., Granath, S., Lundberg, M., Dalman, C., & Rai, D. (2017). Autism and convictions for violent crimes: population-based cohort study in Sweden. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(6), 491–497.

Hellemans, H., Colson, K., Verbraeken, C., Vermeiren, R., & Deboutte, D. (2007). Sexual behavior in high-functioning male adolescents and young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(2), 260–269. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0159-1

Lerner, M. D., Haque, O. S., Northrup, E. C., Lawer, L., & Bursztajn, H. J. (2012). Emerging perspectives on adolescents and young adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders, violence, and criminal law. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 40(2), 177–190.

Mariam Abd. Majid, Nurul Zafirah Azman, & Nurul Izzah Mohd Yani. (2019). Faktor penglibatan remaja dalam salah laku seksual: kajian terhadap remaja hamil luar nikah di pusat pemulihan akhlak negeri Selangor. Al-Irsyad: Journal Of Islamic And Contemporary Issues, 4(2), 94–109.

Mladenovska, B., & Trajkovski, V. (2010). Opinions and Attitudes of Parents and Students for Sexual Development, Sexual Behavior and Gender Identity of Persons with Autism in the Republic of Macedonia. Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 11(1), 7–24.

Myers, S. M., Plauche, C., Disabilities, W., & Care, P. (2007). Management of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Pediatrics, 120(5), 1162–1182. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2007-2362

News Strait Time. (2018). Masturbating on Singapore Train in Viral Video Autistic, Family Says. Retrieved September 22, 2018, from News Straits Time website: https://www.nst.com.my/world/2018/09/413755/youth-masturbating-singapore-train-%0Aviral-video-autistic-family-says

Nichols, S., & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2009). “I’m not sure we’re ready for this…”: Working with families toward facilitating healthy sexuality for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Social Work in Mental Health, 8(1), 72–91.

Nor Azizah Mokhtar. (2018). Penahanan pemuda Autisme cabul gadis ikut SOP - Polis. Retrieved August 8, 2018, from Berita Harian website: https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/kes/2018/09/474483/penahanan-pemuda-autisme-%0Acabul-gadis-ikut-sop-polis

Otero-López, J. M., Castro, C., Villardefrancos, E., & Santiago, M. J. (2009). Job dissatisfaction and burnout in secondary school teachers: student’s disruptive behaviour and conflict management examined. European Journal of Education and Psychology, 2(2), 99–111.

Polis Diraja Malaysia. (2019). Roadshow Autisme: Garis Panduan PDRM Dilancarkan. Retrieved August 20, 2019, from https://www.facebook.com/PolisDirajaMalaysia/posts/2585986738078284

Rudy, L. J. (2019). What are the different types of autism? Many different autisms; one autism spectrum? Retrieved from Very Well Health website: https://www.verywellhealth.com/what-are-the-different-types-of-autism-260611

Wedmore, H. V, Murphy, M. J., Brotherson, M. J., & Luze, G. (2011). Autism Spectrum Disorders and Romantic Intimacy (Master Thesis, Iowa State University). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-2123

Zaaini Zin. (2018). Kaji Semula SOP Penahanan Suspek Autistik. Retrieved August 8, 2018, from Utusan Online website: http://www.utusan.com.my/berita/nasional/kaji-semula-sop-penahanan-suspek-autistik-1.749312

Zuliza Kusrin, Al-Adib Samuri, Manisah Ali, Wafaa’ Yusof, & Mohd Syakir. (2019). Individu autisme dan perlakuan melanggar undang-undang (security issues in the computerized land registration system in Malaysia : An overview ). Jurnal Undang- Undang Malaysia, 31(2), 219–237.

Zuraini Yaakob, & Zuliza Mohd Kusrin. (2019). Remaja Autisme dan Perilaku Seksual. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia: Bangi.

Zuraini Yaakub, & Zuliza Kusrin. (2015). Amalan Intervensi terhadap Perilaku Seksual Remaja Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) oleh Guru Program Pendidikan Khas Intergrasi ( PPKI ) Menurut Syarak. Islamiyyat, 37(2), 163–172.

Published

2020-06-01

How to Cite

Mohd Kusrin, Z., Yusof, W., & Yaakub, Z. (2020). Keperluan SOP Khusus untuk Tahanan dan Penyiasatan Individu Autisme: Necessity of Standard Operation Procedure for Detention and Interrogation of Individual with Autism. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 5(1), 179–187. https://doi.org/10.53840/alirsyad.v5i1.69