Islamic identity and religious support system for Muslim homelessness

Identiti Islam dan sokongan agama terhadap gelandangan Muslim


  • Nor Faridah Mat Nong Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA
  • Rafiza Mohamed Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA
  • Muhamad Razak Idris Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA
  • Wan Fariza Alyati Wan Zakaria Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA
  • Ahmad Yunus Mohd Nor Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA



Islamic Identity, Religiosity, Support system, Homeless, Authorities


Approaches and efforts to strengthen the Muslim identity of those dealing with the social issue by developing a balanced attitude and behaviour within homeless circles are found to be less effective because of personality traits and religious factors. Identity crises due to static thinking and lower resilience do give rise to homeless clusters. Thus, this writing is aimed at identifying factors that are significant to the rise in homelessness in Kuala Lumpur. This study applies a qualitative method using a thematic approach to data analysis. The data collection method is based on the observation of the homeless and unstructured interviews with 10 informants who are Muslim homeless to construct relevant data. The findings of the study indicate that the establishment of the identity concept for those who encounter social problems, especially those who are homeless, is less effective. Such shortcomings are attributed to the misconception of religious aspects and Islamic belief (‘aqīdah) that hinder the implementation from the Muslim perspective in terms of basic practise in their lives. Psycho-religious support among the same social groups also contributes to no change in their lives. Besides, negative thinking and loafing around, which are deemed normal, have a significant connection with the homeless phenomenon. This study has theoretical implications for the development of a better identity for homeless groups. This can help the authorities carry out more effective initiatives to help the homeless in Malaysia in its entirety.


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Author Biographies

Nor Faridah Mat Nong, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA

Nor Faridah Mat Nong graduated from Al-Azhar University, Egypt with a Bachelor of Art in Islamic Studies and Arabic Language (Honours). She completed her Master’s degree in Islamic Studies, Theology and Philosophy in 2013 from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). She is currently pursuing her Ph.D. in Islamic Studies at Research Centre for Theology and Philosophy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, (UKM) focusing on religion identity. Her current topics of interest and exploration is Islamic thought and civilization, Muslim identity, psycho-religious study, and Islamic psychotherapy. In term of working experience, she began her career as teacher in Terengganu, part-timer lecturer at Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, and Founder cum Principal of Islamic School namely, SRI Tahfiz Darul Hana Bintulu. She demonstrated her deep interest in her area of study through academic writing whereas she has published a book with Institut Terjemahan & Buku Malaysia (ITBM) publications titled Identiti Muslim Eropah Menurut Perspektif Tariq Ramadan. She also contributes others writings such as: Konsep European Muslim dan Dar Al-Shahadah dalam Pembentukan Identiti Muslim Kontemporari Menurut Tariq Ramadan (2016), Alternatif Menangani Individu Gelandangan dan Berisiko Bersumberkan Al-Quran Dan Hadis (2018), and Pendekatan Ngo Terhadap Konsep Kendiri Gelandangan Muslim (2019).


Rafiza Mohamed, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA



Muhamad Razak Idris, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA



Wan Fariza Alyati Wan Zakaria, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA



Ahmad Yunus Mohd Nor, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), MALAYSIA




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How to Cite

Mat Nong, N. F., Mohamed, R., Idris, M. R., Wan Zakaria, W. F. A., & Mohd Nor, A. Y. (2022). Islamic identity and religious support system for Muslim homelessness: Identiti Islam dan sokongan agama terhadap gelandangan Muslim. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 7(1), 781–789.