Building mental resilience based on the Quran during pandemic

Membangun kecekalan mental berasaskan ajaran al-Quran semasa pandemik

Authors

  • Mintaraga Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Indonesia.
  • Istianah Istianah Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0200-1157

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53840/alirsyad.v7i1.219

Keywords:

Mental Resilience, Pandemic, The Quran, Tafsīr al-Mawḍū‘ī

Abstract

Covid-19 which spread globally has entered its second year. According to statistics released by Worldometers, as of June 2021, the Covid-19 pandemic has caused 3,906,343 million deaths out of more than 180 million cases. The data shows that from 222 countries, Indonesia ranks in 18th place with 2,033,606 cases and 55,594 deaths. Since the pandemic had spread in various countries worldwide, it has caused mass uncertainty, confusion, and urgency, which continues until today. Covid-19 has increasingly affected various aspects of life, specifically the psychological aspect causing the rise of depression and acute anxiety that damages the community's mental health. Covid-19 has proved to be a stressor that tests human mental resilience in dealing with any problems arising from the crises facing them. This study aims to discover and study the verses of the Quran and its interpretations on the matters of plagues, disasters, and happenings related to such phenomena to identify the religious reasoning behind shaping human mental strength and resilience during this pandemic. This study applies a content analysis approach/method and uses the thematic interpretation method (Tafsīr al-Mawḍū‘ī). The results found that the Quran had shown examples of calamities in the form of plagues, God's promise on the certainty of problems, forms of problems, and human attitude towards said problems and calamities to conclude that the descriptions written in the Quran can be used to build human psychological readiness in any condition, especially during this pandemic.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Mintaraga, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Indonesia.

Mintaraga Eman Surya was born in Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia, in 1976 and studied at the Al-Azhar University in Egypt in the field of Islamic and Arabic Studies, and received a master's degree in Religion and Cross-Culture Middle East Studies at Gajah Mada University Yogyakarta which research universal body languages in the daily communication among the Egyptian. He has researched the Arabic Language, the interpretation and translation of the Quran, and Islamic thought. He is a lecturer at the Faculty of Islamic Studies Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto in Central Java, Indonesia. He has completed his doctorate in the Arabic Language Education Program at the State Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, East Java, Indonesia. Previously served as chairman of the Institute for Islamic studies and Implementation at the University of Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia and now as chairman of the Indonesian Ulama Council, Banyumas Regency, Central Java, Indonesia.

References

Aksa, F. I. (2020). Islamic Perspectives in disaster: an alternative to changing fatalistic attitudes. Jamba: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 12(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.4102/JAMBA.V12I1.942

Al-Qurṭubī, A. B. (2006). al-Jāmi’ li Aḥkām al-Qur'ān wa al-Mubayyin Limā Taḍammanahu min al-Sunnah wa Āyi min al-Furqān. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

al-Ṭabarī, I. J. (1994). āmi' al-Bayān ’an Ta’wīl Āyi al-Qur'ān. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

al-Ṭabarī, I. J. (2000). Jāmi' al-Bayān ’an Ta’wīl Āyi al-Qur'ān. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah (in Shameela Library 2.11).

Basiron, N. F. M., & Monika. (2015). Fenomena gempa bumi: tinjauan awal terhadap kewujudannya dalam Al-Quran. Jurnal Islam Dan Masyarakat Kontemporari, 9(0), 140–156.

Gandhawangi, S. (2020, August 14). Cemas dan depresi akibat pandemi Covid-19. Kompas.Id. Retrieved from https://kompas.id/baca/humaniora/kesehatan/2020/08/14/publik-alami-kecemasan-dan-depresi-akibat-pandemi-covid-19

Hakim, H. (2018). Epidemi dalam Al Quran (suatu kajian tafsir maudhu’i dengan corak ilmi). Kordinat Jurnal Komunikasi Antar Perguruan Tinggi Islam, XVII(2), 114–128. Retrieved from journal.uinjkt.ac.id/index.php/kordinat/article/view/8097

Iskandar, M. (2019). Fiqh Anticipation: mitigation concept based on Islamic law. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 273(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/273/1/012045

Lalu, O., Nurul, M., & Nursyamsu, W. &. (2020). Tafsir Virus (fauqa ba’udhah): korelasi Covid-19 dengan ayat-ayat Allah. El-Umdah: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Quran Dan Tafsir, 3(1), 63–84. Retrieved from https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/el-umdah/article/view/2154

Maulida, A. (2019). Bencana-bencana alam pada umat terdahulu dan faktor penyebabnya dalam persfektif al Quran: studi tafsir maudhu’i ayat-ayat tentang bencana alam. At Tadabur:Jurnal Ilmu Al Quran Dan Tafsir, IV(02), 130–155. https://doi.org/10.30868/at.v4i02.596

Maulida, H., Jatimi, A., Heru, M. J. A., Munir, Z., & Rahman, H. F. (2019). Depresi pada komunitas dalam menghadapi pandemi Covid-19: a systematic review. Jurnal Sains Dan Kesehatan, 2(2), 122–128. Retrieved from https://jsk.farmasi.unmul.ac.id

Mehfooz, M. (2021). Understanding the impact of plague epidemics on the Muslim mind during the early medieval period. Religions, 12(10), 843. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12100843

Muhammadiyah. (2015). Fikih kebencanaan (2nd ed.). Yogyakarta: Majelis Tarjih dan Tajdid Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah.

Mukaromah, V. F. (2020, October 26). Update Corona dunia 26 oktober: 43,3 juta orang terinfeksi | 52.010 kasus baru di Perancis. Kompas.Com. Retrieved from https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2020/10/26/082000565/update-corona-dunia-26-oktober--43-3-juta-orang-terinfeksi-52.010-kasus?page=all

Mukharom, M., & Aravik, H. (2020). Kebijakan Nabi Muhammad PBUH menangani wabah penyakit menular dan implementasinya dalam konteks penanggulangan Coronavirus Covid-19. SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 7(3), 239–246. https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i3.15096

Permana, R. H. (2020, April 16). Penelitian ungkap pandemi Corona berdampak besar pada kesehatan mental. Detik News. Retrieved from https://news.detik.com/internasional/d-4979241/penelitian-ungkap-pandemi-corona-berdampak-besar-pada-kesehatan-mental/1

Prasasti, G. D. (2020, May 15). Dampak pandemi COVID-19, PBB ingatkan ancaman krisis kesehatan mental. Retrieved from https://www.liputan6.com/health/read/4254148/dampak-pandemi-covid-19-pbb-ingatkan-ancaman-krisis-kesehatan-mental

Sahlawati, A. B., Haziyah, H., & Wan Nasyruddin, W. A. (2019). Analisis perkembangan penulisan tafsir mauḍhu’i di Malaysia. Al-Irsyad: Journal Of Islamic And Contemporary Issues, 4(2), 142–153. https://doi.org/10.53840/alirsyad.v4i2.62

Shihab, M. Q. (2015). Kaidah Tafsir: syarat, ketentuan, dan aturan yang patut anda ketahui dalam memahami ayat-ayat al-Quran. Tangerang: Lentera Hati.

Supriatna, E. (2020). Wabah Corona Virus Disease (Covid 19) dalam pandangan Islam. SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 7(6). https://doi.org/10.15408/sjsbs.v7i6.15247

Susanto, B. N. A. (2020). Literatur review: dampak gangguan kesehatan mental pada petugas kesehatan selama pandemi Coronavirus Disease 2019. Medica Hospitalia : Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7(1A), 261–270. https://doi.org/10.36408/mhjcm.v7i1a.462

Suwarto, F. (2017). Hubungan Antara ketahanan fisik mental spiritual dan kemampuan mengelola stres serta tingkat kepercayaan diri dengan motivasi kerja. Jurnal Manajemen, 20(2), 169. https://doi.org/10.24912/jm.v20i2.42

Tahir A., M. (2020). Nalar agama dan pandemi Covid-19. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Problematika Sosial Pandemi Covid-19 “Membangun Optimisme Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19,” 102–108. Retrieved from https://ojs.literacyinstitute.org/index.php/prosiding-covid19/article/view/46

Varlik, N. (2008). Disease and empire: a history of plague epidemics in the early modern Ottoman empire (1453–1600) (The University of Chicago). Retrieved from https://www.proquest.com/docview/304406303/F5E9487B3A3442BPQ/1?accountid=25704

Vibriyanti, D. (2020). Kesehatan Mental masyarakat: mengelola kecemasan di tengah pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Kependudukan: Edisi Khusus Demografi, Edisi Spes, 69–74. Retrieved from https://ejurnal.kependudukan.lipi.go.id/index.php/jki/article/view/550

Worldometer. (2020). Covid-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. Retrieved October 26, 2020, from Worldometer website: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/

Zaini, H. (2020). Bencana menurut perspektif al-Quran. El-Hekam, 4(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.31958/jeh.v4i1.1998.

Published

2022-06-22

How to Cite

Eman Surya, M., & Istianah, I. (2022). Building mental resilience based on the Quran during pandemic : Membangun kecekalan mental berasaskan ajaran al-Quran semasa pandemik. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 7(1), 843-850. https://doi.org/10.53840/alirsyad.v7i1.219