الآليات الوطنية لحماية حقوق الطفل
National Mechanisms for the Protection of Children’s Rights
The study aims to analyse and evaluate the national mechanisms for the protection of children’s rights. It focuses on the role of the media as well as the national NGOs in protecting children’s rights. The study problem emerges from Palestine’s accession to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and also from the necessity of implementing the provisions of the Convention, including the establishment of national mechanisms to protect children's rights. To achieve the main objective of the study, the researcher used the descriptive-analytical method, through the analysis of legal texts and international conventions. The data of the study is collected through personal interviews. The study reveals several results, the most important of which are as follows: States signatories to the Convention on the Rights of the Child are responsible for implementing the convention as they are obligated to comply with the obligations under it, and these states’ responsibility is not only limited to complying with their obligations but also exceeds to the establishment of national mechanisms for protecting the rights of the child. To ensure the success of the mechanisms in achieving the purpose for which they are established, they must be preceded by providing legal and political guarantees. The study recommends promoting the role of civil society and social care institutions in educating children about their rights and assisting and rehabilitating juvenile delinquents to integrate with society. It also recommends imposing supervision mechanisms to ensure the protection of children's rights, including institutions, ministries and relevant bodies. Finally, it recommends allocating, as in other countries, a special budget for children "the child-friendly budget" within the state budget.
Alfār, A. W. (1998). Public international law. Cairo, Egypt: Dār al-Nahdah al-ʻArabiyyah.
Child Rights International Network. (2018). Networking for children's rights. Retrieved from https://resourcecentre.savethechildren.net/publishers/crin-child-rights-international-network.
al-Daqqāq, M. S. (1988). Legal protection for children within the framework of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Alexandria, Egypt: np.
Fāruq, K. (2007). Arab children under international agreements on children's rights (Unpublished master thesis), University of Hadj Lakhdar, Algeria.
Fu’ād, J. (2013). The role of Arab media in promoting children's rights in light of the current political changes. Retrieved from https://repository.nauss.edu.sa/bitstream/handle/123456789/56636.
Ibrāhim, F. (2015). Guarantees and mechanisms for protecting human rights. Retrieved from http://www.ssrcaw.org/ar/show.art.asp?aid=482591.
Jughri, A. (2017). National operational mechanisms for the protection of human rights. Journal of Human Sciences. Vol. 48, No.3, pp. 47-57.
Kalthum, A. (2009). United Nations protection mechanisms: Special procedures, occupied Palestinian territories (Unpublished master thesis), University of Birzeit, Palestine.
Khalfah, N. (2010). Protection of human rights mechanisms in the Algerian legal system (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Hadj Lakhdar, Algeria.
al-Laythi, F. (2008). International protection of children's rights (Unpublished master thesis), University of Hadj Lakhdar, Algeria.
Maruf, M. (2017). National mechanisms for the protection of human rights. Retrieved from http://wwwhuman-human.blogspot.com/2011/04/blog-post_1634.html.
Nashwān, K. (2011). Mechanisms for protecting human rights in international human rights law (Unpublished master thesis), University of al-Azhar, Palestine.
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Report on the implementation of the Palestinian Authority to the United Nations Convention for the Rights of the Child. Ramallah, Palestine: np.
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. (2014). The reality of the Palestinian Child Rights. Ramallah, Palestine: np.
Shawshah, N. (2015). Media application to market swimming schools for people with special needs. Sports Creativity Journal. Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 441-447.
Shehab, A. A., & Marni, N. (2018). المركز القانوني للأراضي الفلسطينية المحتلة. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 3(1), 35-49. Retrieved from http://al-irsyad.kuis.edu.my/index.php/alirsyad/article/view/10
Suʻād, R. (2017). Algeria and international human rights law (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Tlemcen, Algeria.
UNICEF. (2018). UNICEF's approach to child protection. Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/arabic/protection/24267_68568.html.
United Nation. (2013). The role of preventing violations in promoting and protecting human rights. 24th session of the Human Rights Council: Reports. Retrieved from https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/SP/Pages/AnnualreportsHRC.aspx.
Copyright (c) 2020 al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Upon acceptance of an article, Authors will be asked to transfer copyright. This transfer will ensure the widest possible dissemination of information. A notification will be sent to the corresponding Author confirming receipt of the manuscript.
If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the Author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article.
If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
Also, this work is licenced under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0