Maqam Sabar dalam Psikoterapi Pemulihan Pedofilia: Kajian Terhadap Qūt al-Qulūb Syeikh Abū Ṭālib Al-Makkī (W. 996 M)

Maqām al-Ṣabr in the Paedophilia Rehabilitation Psychotherapy: A Study on Qūt al-Qulūb by Syeikh Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī (D. 996 CE)

  • Abur Hamdi Usman Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5179-1648
  • Rosni Wazir Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Syarul Azman Shaharuddin Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Norsaleha Mohd Salleh Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Mohd Norzi Nasir Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Muhammad Fakhrur Razi Shahabudin Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
Keywords: Maqām, Patient, Psychotherapy, Paedophilia, Qūt al-Qulūb, Syeikh Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī

Abstract

Sheikh Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī was a scholar of Sufism respected in the Islamic world. His work, Qūt al-Qulūb, is a major source of reference to sages of the past and present. Many Islamic scholars use Maqamāt al-Aḥwāl's theory as a module and rehabilitation guideline for a number of diseases that affect the human soul. Paedophilia, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Disorder (DSM-5) falls into a category of mental disorders, with some experts considering paedophiles as being mentally insane. In this regard, the main objective of this study was to analyse the implementation of maqām al-ṣabr (stage of patience), according to al-Makkī, as a concept of paedophilia rehabilitation psychotherapy. Using qualitative methods, this study found maqām al-ṣabr to be a crucial element in the recovery from paedophilia. Therefore, this article hopes to integrate the elements of patiencee stage with rehabilitation psychotherapy to develop one of the best treatment modules in the rehabilitation of paedophilia in Malaysia.  

ABSTRAK:

Syeikh Abū Ṭālib al-Makkī merupakan ulama tasawuf yang disegani dunia Islam, malah karyanya Qūt al-Qulūb menjadi sumber utama golongan sufi mutaqaddimīn dan muta’akhkhirīn. Sebahagian besar sarjana Islam menggunakan teori maqamat al-Ahwal sebagai modul dan rehab untuk beberapa penyakit melibatkan kejiwaan manusia. Pedofilia pula menurut Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Disorder (DSM-5) termasuk dalam kategori gangguan mental, malah sebahagian pakar menganggap pedofil sebagai orang gila. Sehubungan dengan itu, objektif utama kajian ini untuk menganalisis implementasi maqam sabar menurut al-Makkī sebagai konsep psikoterapi pemulihan pedofilia. Dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif, kajian ini mendapati maqam sabar antara elemen penting dalam pemulihan pedofilia. Justeru artikel ini diharap dapat menyatupadukan elemen maqam sabar dan psikoterapi pemulihan, sekali gus menjadi satu modul rawatan yang terbaik dalam pemulihan ketagihan seksual golongan pedofilia di Malaysia.

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Author Biography

Abur Hamdi Usman, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia

A native of Indonesia, received his graduate and doctoral degrees from the Theology and Philosophy Department, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Currently he is Assistant Professor of Dakwah and Usuluddin, Faculty of Islamic Civilization Studies at the Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia. Dr. Abur has published numerous books and refereed articles on Theology, Quranic exegesis, and Hadith. His areas of interest include the Sciences of Quran and Hadith Studies. Dr. Abur has conducted field research in Malaysia in the Anti-Hadith Movement and Paedophilia, with grants from the University. He has lectured on contemporary issues in various parts of the world and has traveled extensively in South East countries. Dr. Abur is also the a former Head of Hadith and Research Unit in Hadith and Aqidah Research Institute (INHAD), Malaysia.

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Published
2020-06-25
How to Cite
Usman, A. H., Wazir, R., Shaharuddin, S. A., Mohd Salleh, N., Nasir, M. N., & Shahabudin, M. F. R. (2020). Maqam Sabar dalam Psikoterapi Pemulihan Pedofilia: Kajian Terhadap Qūt al-Qulūb Syeikh Abū Ṭālib Al-Makkī (W. 996 M). Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 5(1), 293-301. Retrieved from http://al-irsyad.kuis.edu.my/index.php/alirsyad/article/view/96