Tinjauan Sistematik terhadap Faktor Penyucian Lembu dalam Hindu

A Systematic Review on the Veneration of Cows in Hinduism

  • Nurhanisah Senin KUIS
  • Nurzatil Ismah Azizan Department of al-Quran & al-Sunnah, Faculty of Islamic Civilization Studies, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS)
  • Nazneen Ismail Department of Da’wa & Usuluddin, Faculty of Islamic Civilization Studies, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS)
  • Zainory Shafie Department of Da’wa & Usuluddin, Faculty of Islamic Civilization Studies, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS)
Keywords: Hindu, Lembu, Faktor Penyucian, SLR

Abstract

The prohibition of killing and eating cows among the Hindus are generally well known. This paper aims to discuss the status of the cow in Hinduism through analysing past related literatures. This paper employs content analysis method through Systematic Literature Review. Articles are collected from Scopus and Dimensions database. 16 articles are screened through the process of identification, examination and eligibility. A systematic analysis focuses on factors of cow veneration in Hinduism. Three major factors were evident in this study namely religion, economy and politic. In the first phase, veneration of the cow is more of a religious issue due to the influence of ahimsa principle introduced in Jainism. In the later phase, it is more of an economic factor where cows were protected and not killed for their benefits to mankind. Whereas now, veneration of the cow is more related to political factors in defending the status quo of the Hindus.

ABSTRAK

Larangan membunuh dan memakan daging lembu kepada penganut Hindu telah dimaklumi secara umum. Artikel ini membincangkan kedudukan lembu dalam ajaran Hindu menerusi kajian terhadap literatur-literatur lepas yang berkaitan. Kajian ini menggunapakai metode analisis kandungan dengan kaedah Systematic Literature Review (SLR). Artikel-artikel telah dikumpulkan daripada pangkalan data Scopus dan Dimensions dan 16 artikel telah melalui saringan identifikasi, pemeriksaan dan kelayakan. Hasil daripada saringan mendapati hanya lima artikel yang berkait rapat dengan tajuk kajian. Analisis sistematik memfokuskan kepada faktor penyucian lembu dalam ajaran Hindu. Kajian mendapati tiga faktor utama iaitu agama, ekonomi dan politik. Pada tahap awal, penyucian lembu dalam masyarakat Hindu lebih bersifat agama kerana terkesan dengan prinsip ahimsa yang dibawa oleh agama Jaina. Pada fasa seterusnya, penyucian lembu lebih terkait dengan faktor ekonomi apabila lembu dipelihara dan tidak dibunuh kerana manfaatnya untuk manusia. Adapun pada zaman ini, penyucian lembu lebih bersifat politikal dalam mempertahankan status quo masyarakat Hindu.

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Published
2020-06-01
How to Cite
Senin, N., Azizan, N. I., Ismail, N., & Shafie, Z. (2020). Tinjauan Sistematik terhadap Faktor Penyucian Lembu dalam Hindu. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 5(1), 226-233. Retrieved from http://al-irsyad.kuis.edu.my/index.php/alirsyad/article/view/70