الرقابة القضائية على القرارات الإدارية في الشريعة والقانون

Judicial Control of Administrative Decisions in Islamic Shariah and Law

  • Ahmed Abdulaziz Alzaabi
  • Nurazmallail Marni

Abstract

Judicial supervision, or the Ombudsman's mandate in Islamic legislation is an important guarantee of justice. It was created by the need for a deviation in the use of powers by some officials and high-ranking authorities in the state. This decision will be applied if harm is caused to a person by the decision of authority. It can be applied by challenging the decision of the administration in the concerned courts or what was known as the resort to the Ombudsman in the Islamic era. This study aims also to identifying the injustices in the Islamic era in terms of origin, evidences of the legality of dismissal in People's grievances, conditions of the appointment. The Ombudsperson and the powers of the Ombudsperson, and then it sheds the light on the system of judicial control over administrative decisions in terms of definition, characteristics, advantageous, jurisdictions and methods of judicial control and its manifestations and guarantees. In order to reach the results and recommendations through a scientific methodology to study using analytical, historical and comparative method.

تعتبر الرقابة القضائية أو ما يعرف بولاية المظالم في التشريع الإسلامي ضمانة هامة لتحقيق العدالة. وقد أوجدتها الحاجة بسبب انحراف في استخدام السلطات من قبل بعض المسؤولين وأصحاب السلطات العليا في الدولة، حيث يتم من خلال هذا النظام تمكين كل فرد من الوصول لحقه إذا ما ترتب على هذا القرار ضرر لحق به، وذلك من خلال الطعن على قرار الإدارة لدى المحاكم المختصة، أو ما كان يعرف باللجوء لقاضي المظالم في الحقبة الإسلامية، كما تهدف هذه الدراسة للتعرف على قضاء المظالم في العصر الإسلامي من حيث النشأة والأدلة على مشروعية الفصل في مظالم الناس وشروط تعيين قاضي المظالم واختصاصات وسلطات قاضي المظالم، ومن ثم تسليط الضوء على نظام الرقابة القضائية على القرارات الإدارية من حيث التعريف والخصائص والمميزات وجهات الاختصاص وأساليب الرقابة القضائية ومظاهرها وضماناتها، وذلك بهدف الوصول إلى النتائج والتوصيات، من خلال اتباع منهجية علمية للدراسة باستخدام المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، والتاريخي، والمقارن.

Author Biographies

Ahmed Abdulaziz Alzaabi

Academy of Islamic Civilization, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Nurazmallail Marni

Academy of Islamic Civilization, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

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Published
2018-12-30
How to Cite
Alzaabi, A. A., & Marni, N. (2018). الرقابة القضائية على القرارات الإدارية في الشريعة والقانون. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 3(2), 27-42. Retrieved from http://al-irsyad.kuis.edu.my/index.php/alirsyad/article/view/4
Section
Articles