Analisis literatur sistematik: impak elemen spiritual terhadap kejayaan usahawan Muslim

Systematic literature review: the impact of spiritual elements on successful Muslim entrepreneur

  • Syarul Azman Shaharuddin Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Mariam Abd Majid Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Muhammad Yusof Marlon Abdullah Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Abur Hamdi Usman Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
  • Siti Nor Atiqah Amran Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Malaysia
Keywords: Muslimpreneur, Islamic Entrepreneur, Spiritual, Succesful

Abstract

The world of entrepreneurs in Malaysia has been led by Muslims. This has contributed to the growth of the Muslim economy. There are issues of failure in business management based on Islamic spiritual values. Spirituality is the process of the internal development of the soul. In Islam, it is based on faith in life, believing and trust in Allah Almighty, while application of the tauhid paradigm in both in this world and hereafter are related affairs. The purpose of the study is to analyze the potential of spiritual elements in the success of Muslim entrepreneurs. In this article, the researchers applied the Systematic Literature Review methodology, which focuses on research objectives. This article uses three (3) steps to analyze selected articles, i.e., by identification, screening, and eligibility. The outcome of this study had established five (5) journal articles that discussed spiritual elements that played an important role in the success of Muslim entrepreneurs, based on religious practices and values that were applied in entrepreneurship. The analysis found that the belief in Allah and the practice of religious values helped to enhance confidence and build the strong personality and traits of successful entrepreneurs. This is contributed by the elements of gratitude (Shukr), approval (riḍā), and reliance (tawakkal) after the best effort. Therefore, this study is expected to contribute to the research on entrepreneurship in Malaysia, especially for the Muslim community.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abd Muin, M. A., Abu Bakar, A., & Abdullah, S. (2014). Model usahawan berjaya dalam amalan nilai-nilai murni keusahawanan sosial Islam. Journal of Human Development and Communication Volume, 3(September 2016), 129–141.

Abdullah, S. (2013). The Characteristics of successful entrepreneurs from Islamic perspective. Journal Islamic and Human Advanced Research, 3(6), 322–345. https://doi.org/10.2298/eka0462025p.

Abdullah, S. (2011). Aplikasi nilai-nilai murni dalam kalangan usahawan ke arah pembangunan usahawan Muslim yang holistik. Seminar Keusahawanan Islam II Peringkat Kebangsaan.

Aminuddin, Z. S., Bustamam, U. S. A., Mahyuddin, M. K., & Sathiman, S. (2016). Exploring the concept of al-Falāḥ (succes) in business: an insight from Muslim experts. International Journal of Business and Applied Social Science, 2(8), 1–13.

Arif, M. (2013). Membangun kepribadian muslim melalui takwa dan jihad. Kalam, 7(2), 343-362.

Azman, A. R., et al. (2014). Konsep keusahawanan berteraskan integrasi ilmu naqli dan aqli. International Muamalat and Entrepreneurship Conference Organized by ICEPS10, July.

Baharom, N. (2005). Kamus Dewan Edisi Keempat. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Bery, K. G. (2011). An operational definition of spiritual leadership (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Tech).

Faizal, P. R. M., Ridhwan, A. A. M., & Kalsom, A. W. (2013). The Entrepreneurs characteristic from al-Quran and al-Hadis. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 4(4), 191–196. https://doi.org/10.7763/ijtef.2013.v4.284.

Hamid, S., Sa’ari, C. Z. & Kila, N. Z. (2013). Meneladani pembangunan keusahawanan zaman Rasulullah SAW: Teori dan aplikasi. Konferensi Antarabangsa Islam Borneo VI 2013, 10.

Hamid, S., Sa’ari, C. Z., Rahman, N. & Ishak, S. (2018). Islam dalam budaya keusahawanan: kajian terhadap usahawan Melayu berjaya di negeri Kedah. Jurnal Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah, 496–505.

Hamid, S. A., Ishak, M. S., & Hashim, H. (2017). Penghayatan agama (Religiositi) dalam pembangunan keusahawanan. Jurnal Pembangunan Sosial, 20, 51-62.

Higgins, J. P. T., et al. (2011). The Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials. BMJ (Online), 343(7829), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d5928.

Hussin, W. S. W. (2003). Ciri-ciri usahawan berjaya dari perspektif al-Qur'an. Jurnal Usuluddin, 18, 81-110.

Ibrahim, M. F., Musani, S., & Muhammad, M. Z. (2008). Konsep pemasaran Islam dalam perniagaan berasaskan ekonomi Islam bagi usahawan Muslim. Islamic Economics and Finance, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, pp. 2-11.

Idris, J., Abd Rahman, S. S. & Razali, A. R.. (2019). Pengaruh pengetahuan dan kefahaman agama terhadap pembentukan sikap usahawan Muslim. E-Jurnal Penyelidikan Dan Inovasi, 6(2), 148–164.

Kamal, M. H., & Hussin, M. (2020). Analisis Tinjauan Literatur Sistematik (SLR) berkaitan penterjemahan elemen Iltifāt. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 5(1), 197-210.

Kitchenham, B., & Charters, S. (2007). Guidelines for performing Systematic Literature Reviews in Software Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1145/1134285.1134500.

Long, A. S. (2009). Pengenalan metodologi penyelidikan pengajian Islam. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Md Yusof. S., Hamed. A.B, Md Tahir. R., & Othman. A. (2018a). Hablumminallah among successful Muslim women entrepreneur: an exploratory study. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(5), 1002–1014. https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v8-i5/4480.

Md Yusof. S., Hamed. A.B, Md Tahir. R., & Othman. A. (2018b). Usahawan wanita Muslim berjaya: amalan gaya hidup Islam. International Journal of Islamic Business, 3(1), 1–8.

Mohd Adib, A. M., Azizi, A. B., & Shuhairimi, A. (2014). Model usahawan berjaya dalam amalan nilai-nilai murni keusahawanan sosial Islam. Journal of Human Development and Communication (JoHDEC), 3, 129-141.

Mohd Adib, A. M., Shuhairimi, A., Azizah, C. O., Aemy, A., & Muhammad Anas, I. (2018). Kaedah Fiqh dalam keusahawanan sosial Islam: satu pengenalan. The 2nd Islamic Management Development Conference (IMDec 2018), June.

Mohd Faizal, P. R., Suhaida, M. A., Dziauddin, S., Norajila, C. M., & Noorfazreen, M. A. (2017). Etika pengurusan sumber manusia bagi muslimpreneur dalam perniagaan berskala kecil. Proceeding of 2nd International Islamic Heritage Conference (ISHEC 2017), 413–425.

Mohd Nasir, R., & Nurul Huda, M. (2010). Keusahawanan menurut perspektif al-Quran. t.tp.: Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Mohd Zain, M., Kasma, M., Marwan, I., Mohd Nazri, M., & Wan Salihin, W. A (2017). Pengaruh ciri-ciri kerohanian terhadap motivasi usahawan. Journal of Human Development and Communication, 6, 141–150.

Mubarak, I. (2015). Spiritualiti dan kesejahteraan insan: motivasi pencapaian usahawan berjaya di Kelantan. Psychology Forum UMM.

Mubarak, M. Z. (2015). Konsep keusahawanan Islam: terminologi, kerohanian dan al-Falah. Kota Bharu: Universiti Malaysia Kelantan.

Mubarak, M. Z., Rahman, A. H. A., & Yaacob, M. R. (2015). Elemen kerohanian dalam keusahawanan Islam: kajian terhadap usahawan berjaya di negeri Kelantan. Journal of Business and Social Development, 3(1), 43-53.

al-Qurṭubī, M. (1964) Tafsīr al-Qurṭubī. Jil. 9. Kaherah: Dār al-Kitāb al-Maṣriyah.

Rameli, M. F. P., Aziz, M. R. A., Wahab, K. A. & Amin, S. M., (2014). Etika perniagaan Islam: pengalaman usahawan Muslim di Melaka. Persidangan Kebangsaan Ekonomi Malaysia (PERKEM 2014), Oct. 17-19.

Rossidi, U. (2017). Analisis Etika perniagaan Islam: kajian keusahawanan Melayu Terengganu dalam industri makanan halal. The 12th ISDEV International Islamic Development Management Conference 2017 (IDMA2017) Halal-Green Development Management, December.

Salwa, A. U., Shahbudin, A. S., & Jusoff, K. (2013). Religion and business values for muslimpreneurs. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 13(1), 61-68. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2013.13.1883.

Shaffril, H. A. M., Samah, A. A., Samsuddin, S. F., & Ali, Z. (2019). Mirror-mirror on the wall, what climate change adaptation strategies are practiced by the Asian's fishermen of all?. Journal of Cleaner Production, 232, 104-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.262.

al-Suyūṭī, J., & Al-Maḥallī, J. (2003). Tafsīr al-Jalālayn. Jil. 1. Kaherah: Dār al-Ḥadīth.

Usman, A. H., & Shahabudin, F. (2019). Analisis literatur sistematik terhadap keperluan modul psikoterapi Al-Quran: Tumpuan pemulihan salah laku pedofilia. Systematic literature analysis on requirements of the quranic psychotherapy module: The focusing on pedophilia remedies. Jurnal Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah, 37–47.

Usman, A. H., Wazir, R., Shaharuddin, S. A., Salleh, N. M., Nasir, M. N., & Shahabudin, M. F. R. (2020). Maqam Sabar dalam psikoterapi pemulihan pedofilia: kajian terhadap Qūt al-Qulūb Syeikh Abū Ṭālib Al-Makkī (W. 996 M). Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 5(1), 293-301.

Wahab, N. N. A., Othman, S., Hirun, N. N. @, Ghani, A. A., & Idrus, M. R. (2018). Developing the concept of firm success among Muslim SMEs in Malaysia: a study of Islamic religion practices as moderator. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.30), 374–377. https://doi.org/10.14419/ijet.v7i3.30.18336.

Xiao, Y., & Watson, (2019). Guidance on conducting a systematic literature review. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 39 (1), 93-112.

Yaacob, Y., & Azmi, I. A. G. (2012). Entrepreneur’s social responsibilities from Islamic perspective: a study of muslim entrepreneurs in Malaysia. Proceeding of 2012 2nd International Conference on Business and Economics Research, 1131–1138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.1094.

Yaakub, Z., & Adnan, N. I. M. (2018). Faktor-faktor kejayaan usahawan ikon Majlis Agama Islam Melaka (MAIM). Success factors of Majlis Agama Islam Melaka (MAIM) icon entrepreneur. Journal of Advanced Research in Social and Behavioural Sciences, 1(1), 82–93.

Younger, P. (2010). Using Google Scholar to conduct a literature search. Nursing Standard. 24 (45), 40-46.

Published
2020-12-22
How to Cite
Shaharuddin, S. A., Abd Majid, M., Abdullah, M. Y. M., Usman, A. H., & Amran, S. N. A. (2020). Analisis literatur sistematik: impak elemen spiritual terhadap kejayaan usahawan Muslim. Al-Irsyad: Journal of Islamic and Contemporary Issues, 5(2), 434-443. Retrieved from http://al-irsyad.kuis.edu.my/index.php/alirsyad/article/view/105