Journal al-Irsyad is an academic journal published by Faculty of Islamic Civilisation Studies, International Islamic University College Selangor (KUIS) periodically (twice yearly). All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronics or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from publisher.

FACULTY OF ISLAMIC CIVILISATION STUDIES, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor (KUIS), Bandar Seri Putra, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA

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